The former Royal Air Force Station Kenley, more commonly known as RAF Kenley (now known as Kenley Aerodrome) was a station of the Royal Flying Corps in World War I and continued in the hands of the RAF.
Flying commenced in 1917, and ceased to be active in 1959. The airfield at Kenley now hosts 615 Volunteer Gliding Squadron (VGS), a Royal Air Force gliding squadron of the Air Cadet Organisation and The Surrey Hills Gliding Club.
In 1936, Kenley became home to Sector B, HQ of No 11 Group Fighter Command, responsible for the airfields of Croydon, Friston, Gatwick, Redhill and Shoreham. In 1939, two new concrete runways were built to accommodate Hurricanes and Spitfires.
During World War II RAF Kenley was one of the three main fighter stations (Kenley, Croydon and Biggin Hill) responsible for the air defence of London. It was during the crucial days of the Battle of Britain that these three RAF stations came into their own, fighting off the overwhelming might of the German Luftwaffe.